turkey

Yorumlar

Transkript

turkey
Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications
TURKISH STATE RAILWAYS (TCDD)
Infrastructure Development & Regulations in Railway Sector
1
CONTENTS
Historical Development
State of Play
Key Projects
Vision 2023
The Law on Liberalization of Rail Transport in Turkey
CONTENTS
Historical Development
State of Play
Key Projects
Vision 2023
The Law on Liberalization of Rail Transport in Turkey
HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF RAILWAYS
YEAR 2013
10 million passengers were transported. «The Law on Liberalization of Rail Transport in Turkey»
entered into force on 1st May 2013
YEAR 2009
The first high speed
line were completed.
YEAR 2008 The first high speed line was completed.
YEAR 2004 Total length of railways increased to 10.991 km and 6 of our
ports were included in the privatisation programme.
Rail transport operations
were opened to private sector.
YEAR 2003 Rail transport operations were opened to private sector.
YEAR 1984
Became a Public Economic Institution.
YEAR 1953
Became a State Economic Enterprise.
YEAR 1950
Total length of railways reached to
9.204 km.
YEAR 1927
General Administration of
State Railways and Ports.
Total length of railways:
10.991 km
Became a Public Economic
Institutiıon
Became a State Economic
Enterprise
Total length of railways:
9.204 km
Ports were attached to
the Railways
(5.500 km)
YEAR 1924 Nationalization
of the Railways
YEAR 1856
4.000 km long railways
were nationalised
The first railway construction between İzmirAydin
HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF RAILWAYS
EDİRNE
ZONGULDAK
SAMSUN
İSTANBUL
KARS
ERZURUM
BANDIRMA
BURSA
ESKİŞEHİR
ANKARA
ERZİNCAN
SİVAS
POLATLI
AFYON
ELAZIĞ
İZMİR
TATVAN
KAYSERİ
VAN
MALATYA
KONYA
DİYARBAKIR
ADANA
GAZİANTEP
MERSİN
2012 : 12,008 km ( Conventional+ High Speed) Rail Network before the REPUBLIC
4,136 km
Mainline
The First Years of the REPUBLIC (1923-1950)
3,764 km
Mainline (avg. 134 km per annum)
945 km
Mainline (avg. 18 km per annum)
From 1951 to 2002
From 2005 to end of 2012
1,094 km
Mainline (avg. 137km per annum)
Lines under construction
3,400 km
Mainline
CONTENTS
Historical Development
State of Play
Key Projects
Vision 2023
The Law on Liberalization of Rail Transport in Turkey
ORGANIZATION
İSTANBUL
SAMSUN
ÇAMAF
TÜVASAŞ
H.PAŞA
ÇANKIRI
ADAPAZARI
DERİNCE
EUROTEM
BANDIRMA
VADEMSAŞ
ANKARA
ESKİŞEHİR
TÜDEMSAŞ
SİVAS
TÜLOMSAŞ
SİVAS BT TRV
ADF
İZMİR
İZMİR
SİTAŞ
AFYON
MALATYA
IZBAN
AFYON BT TRV
KONYA
ADANA
MERSİN
İSKENDERUN
Conventional Lines
High Speed Lines 8 REGIONAL DIRECTORATES
İSTANBUL, ANKARA (2 Directorates), İZMİR, SİVAS, MALATYA, ADANA, AFYON
7 PORTS
H.PAŞA, DERİNCE, İZMİR,(MERSİN, İSKENDERUN, SAMSUN and BANDIRMA privatized.)
3 AFFILIATED COMPANIES
TÜLOMSAŞ, TÜVASAŞ, TÜDEMSAŞ
4 PARTICIPATIONS
EUROTEM, İZBAN, VADEMSAŞ, SİTAŞ
5 FACTORIES
ADF and RAIL WELDING, AFYON and SİVAS CONCRETE SLEEPER, ÇAMAF
4 Participations have been established since 2003. CONTENTS
Historical Development
State of Play
Key Projects
Vision 2023
The Law on Liberalization of Rail Transport in Turkey
RAIL INVESTMENTS
Million TL 7.929
8.000
6.854
7.000
6.000
5.000
4.558
4.843
4.000
3.000
2.000
1.000
964
1.060
2004
2005
2.184
2.350
2.281
2007
2008
2009
1.460
488
0
2003
2006
2010
2011
2012
2013
While the appropriation allocated for railways were 488 million TL in 2003, it reached
7 billion 929 million TL in 2013 increasing by 16 times.
TRANSPORTATION CORRIDORS (PROJECTED)
Istanbul‐Basra, Istanbul‐Kars‐Tbilisi‐Baku, Kavqaz‐Samsun‐Basra, Istanbul‐Aleppo‐Makkah, Istanbul‐Aleppo‐the North Africa/the South East Asia transportation corridors will be developed.
Far East Asia
The Central and North Asia
Samsun‐Kavqaz
Kars‐Tbilisi‐Baku
Marmaray
Lake Van Crossing
Tekirdağ‐Muratlı
Kurtalan‐ Nusaybin‐ Iraq
Kars‐Nahcevan‐Iran
South East Asia
North Africa
The Middle East
MARMARAY PROJECT
1. The Bosphorus Crossing (BC1)
Üsküdar
–Immersed tube tunnel (1,4 km),
–Immersed tube depth is 60 m,
–12 km bored tunnels & cut-cover tunnels,
–4 new stations.
2. The Upgrading of the Commuter Rail
(CR1/CR3)
– New high standard triple track line (~ 65 km),
– 37 new stations.
3. Procurement of new Rolling Stocks
Sirkeci
(CR2)
Ayrılıkçeşm
e
– 440 new train sets.
Yenikapı
Kazlıçeşme
Total length : Approx. 77 km
– At grade, European side 19.6 km – At grade, Asian side 43.4 km
– Bored tunnels 12.2 km
– Immersed tube tunnel 1.4 km
Marmaray (Ayrılıkçeşme-Kazlıçeşme) was commissioned on 29th October 2013. The line and
station renewal works are ongoing on Pendik-Söğütlüçeşme and Kazlıçeşme–Halkalı sections.
MARMARAY PROJECT
Inauguration: October 29, 2013
HIGH SPEED RAILWAY NETWORK IS EXPANDING
EDİRNE
ZONGULDAK
SAMSUN
İSTANBUL
TEKİRDAĞ
BURSA
AMASYA
ÇANKIRI
İZMİT
Bandırma
KARS
KARABÜK
105 km
ERZURUM
BİLECİK
Yenişehir
533 km
KIRIKKALE
ANKARA
ERZİNCAN
SİVAS
ESKİŞEHİR
BALIKESİR
405 km
Yerköy
Polatlı
MUŞ
AFYONKARHİSAR
İZMİR
MANİSA
ELAZIĞ
212 km
UŞAK
MALATYA
NİĞDE
624 km
ISPARTA
KONYA
DİYARBAKIR
K.MARAŞ
AYDIN
DENİZLİ
VAN
KAYSERİ
BATMAN
MARDİN
BURDUR
OSMANİYE
GAZİANTEP
KARAMAN
MERSİN
ADANA
Current YHT lines (888 km)
YHT lines under construction
YHT lines with final drawing completed
YHT lines with final drawing under development
High Speed Trains (YHTs) are in operation between Ankara-Eskişehir since 13th March 2009.
High Speed Trains (YHTs) are in operation between Ankara-Konya since 24th August 2011.
High Speed Trains (YHTs) are in operation between Eskişehir-Konya since 23th March 2013.
High Speed Trains (YHTs) will be put into operation between Ankara-Istanbul in 2014.
High Speed Trains will be put into operation in Bursa-Bilecik, Ankara-İzmir and Ankara-Sivas by 2016.
CONVENTIONAL RAILWAY PROJECTS
EDİRNE
Bartın
ZONGULDAK
Muratlı
Ereğli
Ispartakule
SAMSUN
KARS
KARABÜK
İSTANBUL
A.pazarı
Arifiye
İZMİT
Gemlik
Karasu
Pamukov
a
Bandırma
ERZURUM
BİLECİK
ANKARA
BURSA
Enveriye
Tavşanlı
ELAZIĞ
Kiraz
NİĞDE
Ödemiş
AYDIN
Tepeköy
ISPARTA
Tire
MALATYA
DİYARBAKIR
KONYA
BURDUR
KARAMAN
OSMANİYE
ADANA
MERSİN
MARDİN
A.göze
Ş.URFA
M.yavuz
Ulukışla
BATMAN
8
K.MARAŞ
DENİZLİ
Güllük
VAN
Palu
KAYSERİ
UŞAK
Narlı
K.paşa
Cumaovası
MUŞ
AFYONKARHİSAR
B.pınar
Turgutlu
Polatlı
KONVANSİYONEL DEMİRYOLU PROJELERİ 2023 HEDEFİ
Bahçe
MANİSA
Dilucu
ERZİNCAN
SİVAS
Toprakkal
e
Bergam
a
Aliağa
KIRIKKALE
ESKİŞEHİR
BALIKESİR
İZMİR
AMASYA
ÇANKIRI
Nurdağ
TEKİRDAĞ
Halkalı
Constructed lines (153 km)
Lines under construction (978km)
Lines at the phase of construction tender (298 km)
Lines with final drawings produced (202km)
Lines with final drawings in progress (4.038 km)
Habur
Nusaybin
TRACKS UNDER RENEWAL Hudut
Hudut
KIRKLARELİ
KIRKLARELİ
ZONGULDAK
ZONGULDAK
Uzunköprü
Uzunköprü
SAMSUN
SAMSUN
Muratlı
Muratlı
Haydarpaşa
Haydarpaşa
TEKİRDAĞ
TEKİRDAĞ
Gelemen
Gelemen
Doğukapı
Doğukapı
Çarşamba
Çarşamba
Halkalı
Halkalı
KARS
KARS
Adapazarı
Adapazarı
Arifiye
Arifiye
Bandırma
Bandırma
P.ova
P.ova
ANKARA
ANKARA
ESKİŞEHİR
ESKİŞEHİR
BALIKESİR
BALIKESİR
Nusrat
Nusrat
Irmak
Irmak
ERZURUM
ERZURUM
SİVAS
SİVAS
Seyitömer
Seyitömer
ERZİNCAN
ERZİNCAN
Polatlı
Polatlı
Gökçedağ
Gökçedağ
Çetinkaya
Çetinkaya
Yenifakılı
Yenifakılı
Aliağa
Aliağa
AFYON
AFYON
MANİSA
MANİSA
Menemen
Menemen
Boğazköprü
Boğazköprü
Çivril
Çivril
İZMİR
İZMİR
Ödemiş
Ödemiş
Söke
Söke
ELAZIĞ
ELAZIĞ
KAYSERİ
KAYSERİ
DİYARBAKIR
DİYARBAKIR
KONYA
KONYA
Ereğli
Ereğli
DENİZLİ
DENİZLİ
BURDUR
BURDUR
Tatvan
Tatvan
MALATYA
MALATYA
VAN
VAN
Kapıköy
Kapıköy
BATMAN
BATMAN
Karakuyu
Karakuyu
Torbalı
Torbalı
MUŞ
MUŞ
Ulukışla
Ulukışla
ISPARTA
ISPARTA
KARAMAN
KARAMAN
Yenice
Yenice
Kurtalan
Kurtalan
K.MARAŞ
K.MARAŞ
ADANA
ADANA
T.kale
T.kale
Nusaybin
Nusaybin
G.ANTEP
G.ANTEP
Karkamış
Karkamış
MERSİN
MERSİN
Renewed tracks
Tracks to be renewed
7.261 km tracks were renewed during the last decade.
The total length of tracks to be renewed in 2013 is 1.098 km.
15
SIGNALLED RAILWAY NETWORK IS BECOMING WIDESPREAD
EDİRNE
ZONGULDAK
68 km
AMASYA
ÇANKIRI
134 km
410 km
495 km
ERZURUM
Bandırma
BALIKESİR
BAŞKENTRAY
ANKARA
BİLECİK
BURSA
KIRIKKALE
ERZİNCAN
SİVAS
ESKİŞEHİR
374 km
183 km
356 km
KÜTAHYA
Divriği
MUŞ
Aliağa
70 km
AFYONKARHİSAR
MANİSA
İZMİR
Tepeköy
KARS
KARABÜK
İZMİT
C.ovası
SAMSUN
İSTANBUL
TEKİRDAĞ
415 km
ELAZIĞ
410 km
UŞAK
KAYSERİ
67 km
52 km
176 km
376 km
KONYA
ISPARTA
Ortaklar
467 km
MALATYA
NİĞDE
Selçuk
BURDUR
393 km
214 km
581 km
Ulukışla
BATMAN
DİYARBAKIR
K.MARAŞ
AYDIN
DENİZLİ
VAN
MARDİN
OSMANİYE
GAZİANTEP
136 km
KARAMAN
697 km
T.kale
MERSİN
67 km
ADANA
İskenderun
Operational signalled lines ( 3.128 km)
Lines under construction (2.493 km) Lines at the phase of construction tender(583 km) Lines with final drawings produced (67 km) Lines with final drawings in progress (2.998 km)
NEW SIGNALLING SYSTEM IS DEVELOPED
EDİRNE
BARTIN
İSTANBUL
Kartal
Sapanca
Halkalı
SAMSUN
Ereğli
Karasu
TRABZON
KARS
ADAPAZARI
Gemlik
BİLECİK
ANKARA
BURSA
BALIKESİR
ESKİŞEHİR
Sincan
ERZURUM
Yerköy
ERZİNCAN
Polatlı
Hanlı
Aliağa
MANİSA
Turgutlu
ELAZIĞ
UŞAK
AFYON
AFYON
Boğazköprü
İZMİR
KAYSERİ
MALATYA
Torbalı
GONCALI
GONCALI
AYDIN
KONYA
EĞİRDİR
EĞİRDİR
ŞANLIURFA
Ulukışla
Güllük
Narlı
DENİZLİ
BBU
UR
ANTALYA RDDUU
RR
IISSP
PAAR
RTTA
A
Manavgat
MARDİN
Nusaybin
Cizre
Habur
GAZİANTEP
ADANA
KARAMAN
DİYARBAKIR
Karkamış
Yenice
Mürşitpınar
MERSİN
Alanya
HALEP
Kamu Kamu
Sektörü
National Railway Signaling System is developed by the cooperation of ;
¾TCDD
Özel
Sektör
¾TÜBİTAK (The Scientific and Technological research Council of Turkey )
¾ İTÜ (Istanbul Technical University)
The signaling project of Afyon-Denizli-Isparta line section (21 stations and 338 km length) will be
achieved by TCDD, TÜBİTAK and İTÜ. This signaling system is aimed to become widespread in
the country.
ELECTRIFIED RAILWAY NETWORK IS BECOMING WIDESPREAD
EDİRNE
ZONGULDAK
SAMSUN
İSTANBUL
TEKİRDAĞ
68 km
AMASYA
ÇANKIRI
İZMİT
134 km
Bandırma
495 km
410 km
KIRIKKALE
ANKARA
ERZİNCAN
SİVAS
ESKİŞEHİR
374 km
ERZURUM
BAŞKENTRAY
BİLECİK
BURSA
BALIKESİR
KARS
KARABÜK
183 km
356 km
Aliağa
İZMİR
C.ovası
Tepeköy
Selçuk
KÜTAHYA
70 km
MANİSA
MUŞ
AFYONKARHİSAR
415 km
ELAZIĞ
410 km
UŞAK
MALATYA
NİĞDE
552 km
ISPARTA
KONYA
BURDUR
DİYARBAKIR
K.MARAŞ
AYDIN
DENİZLİ
VAN
KAYSERİ
67 km
52 km
Divriği
920 km
507 km
581 km
Ulukışla
KARAMAN
KARAMAN
136 km
MERSİN
MERSİN
BATMAN
MARDİN
OSMANİYE
67 km
ADANA
ADANA
İskenderun
İskenderun
GAZİANTEP
T.kale
T.kale
Operational electrified lines (Current2.328 km) Lines under construction(1.446 km) Lines at the phase of construction tender(1.289 km)
Lines with final drawings produced( 562 km) Lines with final drawings in progress (2.486 km) LOGISTIC CENTERS ARE BEING ESTABLISHED
Gelemen/Samsun
Yeşilbayır/İstanbul
Kars
Köseköy/İzmit
Halkalı/İstanbul
Bozüyük/Bilecik
Sivas
Gökköy/Balıkesir
Palandöken/Erzurum
Uşak
Hasanbey/Eskişehi
r
Kayacık/Konya
Boğazköprü/Kayseri
Türkoğlu/K.mara
ş
Habur
Mardin
Kaklık/Denizli
Yenice/Mersin
It is planned to construct 18 Logistics Centers.
5 logistics centers in Samsun, Uşak, Denizli (Kaklık), Köseköy and Halkalı were
put into operation.
The construction works are going on in 6 logistics centers in Eskişehir, Balıkesir,
Bozüyük, Mardin, Erzurum, Mersin (Yenice).
The final drawings and expropriation studies are going on for 7 logistics centers.
CONNECTIONS ARE BEING IMPROVED WITH TRAIN‐FERRY TRAFFIC
Samsun
Poti
Kavkaz
Varna
Mersin
Samsun(Turkey)-Kavkaz ( Russia) train ferry line through Black Sea, was
officially put into service on 19th February 2013.
KARS – TBILISI – BAKU PROJECT
Total Length : 101 km
Kars ‐ Georgia : 73 km
Turkey ‐ Ahilkelek
: 28 km
Construction in Georgia started on
21.11.2007
Construction in Turkey started on
24.7.2008 and will be completed in 2013. GEORGIA
Construction in Georgia: 29 km
Existing Line in Georgia
Construction in Turkey: 76 km
TURKEY
Existing Line in Turkey
21
PROCUREMENT of NEW FERRIES
To be operated between Tatvan – Van;
2 Ferries with a capacity of 50 wagons along with repairing of landing piers and
construction of warehouse for ferries
The ferries is being manufactured.
Planned to be ready for operation at the end of 2014.
EDİRNE
ZONGULDAK
SAMSUN
İSTANBUL
TEKİRDAĞ
AMASYA
ÇANKIRI
İZMİT
Bandırma
KARS
KARABÜK
BURSA
ERZURUM
BİLECİK
KIRIKKALE
ANKARA
ERZİNCAN
SİVAS
ESKİŞEHİR
BALIKESİR
Yerköy
Polatlı
MUŞ
AFYONKARHİSAR
ELAZIĞ
İZMİR
MANİSA
TATVAN
KAYSERİ
UŞAK
MALATYA
NİĞDE
ISPARTA
KONYA
DİYARBAKIR
K.MARAŞ
AYDIN
DENİZLİ
VAN
BATMAN
MARDİN
BURDUR
OSMANİYE
GAZİANTEP
KARAMAN
MERSİN
ADANA
22
RAILWAY CORRIDORS IN OUR REGION
There is a 75‐billion USD transport potential between Europe and Asia.
Istanbul‐Kars‐Tbilisi‐Baku, Nusaybin‐Iraq, Kars‐Nakhchivan‐Iran, Kavkaz‐Samsun‐Basra, Istanbul‐Aleppo‐Makkah & Istanbul‐Aleppo‐North Africa transport corridors are being developed.
The Central & North Asia
Europe
Marmaray
Samsun‐Kavkaz
Kars‐Tbilisi‐Baku
Tekirdağ‐
Muratlı
Kars‐Nakhchivan‐Iran
Far East Asia
Lake Van Crossing
Nusaybin‐ Iraq
North Africa
The Middle East
South East Asia
After the completion of the railway projects in Turkey, the Silk Road will gain more importance and
Europe, Asia, esp. the Middle East, and the Central and Far East Asia will be interconnected by rail.
THE IMPORTANCE OF R&D IS INCREASING
State
Corporation
R&D
INDUSTRY
Manufacture
UNIVERSITY
Training
Railway Research and Technology Center, which aims to become bridge
between local industry and universities and implement new technologies is
established within TCDD.
CONTENTS
Historical Development
State of Play
Key Projects
Vision 2023
The Law on Liberalization of Rail Transport in Turkey
VISION 2023 HIGH SPEED LINES
EDİRNE
ZONGULDAK
SAMSUN
İSTANBUL
TEKİRDAĞ
KARABÜK
Bandırma
AMASYA
ÇANKIRI
İZMİT
KARS
TRABZON
BURSA
ERZURUM
BİLECİK
Yenişehir
533 km
KIRIKKALE
ANKARA
ERZİNCAN
SİVAS
ESKİŞEHİR
BALIKESİR
405 km
Yerköy
Polatlı
MUŞ
AFYONKARHİSAR
İZMİR
MANİSA
ELAZIĞ
212 km
UŞAK
MALATYA
NİĞDE
624 km
ISPARTA
KONYA
DİYARBAKIR
K.MARAŞ
AYDIN
DENİZLİ
VAN
KAYSERİ
BATMAN
MARDİN
BURDUR
OSMANİYE
GAZİANTEP
KARAMAN
MERSİN
ADANA
Çobanbey
Constructed HSLs (Ankara‐Eskişehir, Ankara‐Konya ‐ 888 km)
HSLs under construction ( 1.748 km) HSLs at the stage of construction tender(454 km) HSLs with final drawings produced (4.728 km) HSLs with final drawings in progress ( 2.212 km)
VISION 2023 CONVENTIONAL LINES
EDİRNE
Bartın
ZONGULDAK
Muratlı
Ereğli
Ispartakule
SAMSUN
KARS
KARABÜK
İSTANBUL
A.pazarı
Arifiye
İZMİT
Gemlik
Karasu
Bandırma
ERZURUM
BİLECİK
BURSA
ANKARA
Enveriye
Tavşanlı
Bergam
a
KONVANSİYONEL DEMİRYOLU PROJELERİ 2023 HEDEFİ
ELAZIĞ
Kiraz
NİĞDE
Ödemiş
AYDIN
Tepeköy
ISPARTA
Tire
DİYARBAKIR
KONYA
OSMANİYE
Ş.URFA
M.yavuz
ADANA
MERSİN
MARDİN
A.göze
B.pınar
KARAMAN
BATMAN
8
Narlı
BURDUR
Ulukışla
VAN
MALATYA
K.MARAŞ
DENİZLİ
Güllük
MUŞ
Palu
KAYSERİ
UŞAK
Bahçe
K.paşa
Polatlı
AFYONKARHİSAR
MANİSA
Turgutlu
Cumaovası
Dilucu
ERZİNCAN
SİVAS
Toprakkal
e
İZMİR
KIRIKKALE
ESKİŞEHİR
BALIKESİR
Aliağa
AMASYA
ÇANKIRI
Pamukov
a
Nurdağ
TEKİRDAĞ
Halkalı
Constructed conventional lines (153 km) Conventional lines under construction (978km) Conventional Lines at the stage of construction tender(298 km)
Conventional Lines with final drawings produced (202km) Conventional Lines with final drawings in progress (4.038 )
Habur
Nusaybin
CONTENTS
Historical Development
State of Play
Key Projects
Vision 2023
The Law on Liberalization of Rail Transport in Turkey
RE‐ORGANISATION OF RAILWAY SECTOR IN TURKEY
DECREE LAW No:655 (in 2011)
¾ Directorate General for Regulation of Railways
9
Regulatory Body
9
Safety Authority
9
Contract Manager for PSO
¾ Accident Search & Investigation Board
¾ DG for Infrastructure Investments
For All
Transport
Modes
¾ DG for Regulation of Dangerous Goods and Combined Transport
29
NEW LAW on SECTOR LIBERALIZATION
The Law No: 6461 on Liberalization of Rail Transport in Turkey was entered into force on 1 May 2013.
Main Objectives:
¾ Restructuring of TCDD as Infrastructure Manager
¾ Establishment of New Railway Undertaking (TCDD Transport JSC)
¾ Opening up of the railway sector for competition
¾ Arrangement of Public Service Obligations
¾ Enabling the private sector to invest in rail infrastructure
Further Needs:
¾ Capacity Improvement for Regulatory Bodies
¾ Elaboration of necessary secondary legislation by Regulatory Bodies
FUTURE RAILWAY SECTOR IN TURKEY
31
Thank You For Your Kind Attention
Tevfik Muhammed YEŞİLÇAM
[email protected]

Benzer belgeler

TCDD`s Current Situation

TCDD`s Current Situation  High Speed Line between Ankara‐Eskişehir was inaugurated on 13 March 2009. 4  million 494 thousand passengers were carried between March 2009 and 

Detaylı

Afgan Giysileri

Afgan Giysileri AFGANİSTAN etnik grupların haritası

Detaylı

TURKISH RAILWAYS AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF ELECTRICAL

TURKISH RAILWAYS AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF ELECTRICAL Conventional Lines with final drawings produced (202km)  Conventional Lines with final drawings in progress (4.038 )

Detaylı