WATER MANAGEMENT IN TÜRKİYE

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WATER MANAGEMENT IN TÜRKİYE
MINISTRY OF FORESTRY AND WATER AFFAIRS
WATER MANAGEMENT
IN
TÜRKİYE
31.07.2012
1
CONTENTS OF PRESENTATION
1.
2.
3.
4.
Country Profile
Recent developments and trends in the water sector
General Directorate of Water Management
Future needs & cooperation areas
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1. COUNTRY PROFILE
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3
WATER RESOURCES / per year
Run off from neigbour
countries
7 km3
Evaporation
274 km3
Mean annual
precipitation volume
501 km3
Annual surface runoff
186 km3
--------------------------------Exploitable : 95 km3 (49%)
Gross water potential
234 km3
Surface runoff
193 km3
Annual available surface water
98 km3
Leakage to aquifers
41 km3
Total
exploitable
water
112 km3
Annual safe yield
14 km3
Present consumption
44 km3
25 RIVER BASINS
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PRECIPITATION CHARACTERISTICS
The precipitation changes according to time and
regions in Turkey which is located in a semi-arid part of the world
2500 mm
250 mm
The rivers often have irregular regimes. Therefore, water for irrigation can not be directly
taken for river. Due to the climate change effect there must be some solutions to solve
irregular flows and to adopt the climate such as forestration and increasing resorvoir
6
capacity.
NORMAL CLIMATIC CONDITIONS ARE NOT SEEN
7
WATER CONSUMPTION BY SECTORS
Year 2010
Year 2023
Industrial
11 %
Industrial
20 %
Irrigation
74 %
Domestic
15 %
Irrigation
64 %
Domestic
16 %
Irrigation
:
32 billion m3 (73 %)
: 72 billion m3 (64 %)
Domestic
:
7 billion m3 (16 %)
: 18 billion m3 (16 %)
Industrial
:
5 billion m3 (11 %)
: 22 billion m3 (20 %)
TOTAL
: 44 billion m3
: 112 billion m3
WATER POTENTIAL PER CAPITA
YEAR
POPULATION
(MILLION)
WATER POTENTIAL
(M3/PERSON.YEAR)
1990
57
1965
2000
68
1650
2011
75
1500
2023
85
1300
TURKEY IS WATER-STRESSED COUNTRY
WASTEWATER TREATMENT
81%
% 65
% 68
% 70
% 36
2003
2008
2009
2010
2012
The ratio of population served with wastewater treatment plant
population lives in municipalities (%).
in total
2. RECENT DEVELOPMENTS AND TRENDS
IN THE WATER SECTOR
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EU ENVIRONMENT CHAPTER
Environment chapter has been officially opened on
21st of December, 2009.
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EU ENVIRONMENT CHAPTER
In order to meet the benchmarks of the “Water Sector”
under the Environment Chapter of EU;
üTurkey adopts legislation aimed at transposing the EU's
horizontal and framework environmental
including its transboundary aspects;
legislation,
üTurkey adopts legislation aimed at transposing the
acquis in the field of water quality, notably its Framework
Water Protection Law; establishes River Basin Protection
Action Plans; and makes further significant progress in
legislative alignment in this sector by adopting
implementing legislation.
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REARRANGMENT OF THE INSTITUTIONS
In mid 2011, the ministries have been rearranged in Turkey.
After these developments, Ministry of Forestry and Water
Affairs has been authorized to carry on water sector under
the EU Environment Chapter.
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RESPONSIBLE GOVERTMENTAL AUTHORTIES
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15/24
COORDINATION BOARD ON
WATER MANAGEMENT
‘Coordination Board on Water Management’ has been
established with the Prime Ministerial Circular (2012/7) dated
on 20 March, 2012.
The duties of this board ;
ü protect water resources at basin level,
ü Ensure coordination between sectors,
ü Prepare strategy, plan and policy to meet the targets at
national and international level
ü Monitor all studies related with water at national, regional
and local level
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3. GENERAL DIRECTORATE
OF
WATER MANAGEMENT
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GENERAL DIRECTORATE OF WATER
MANAGEMENT (GDWM)
General Directorate of Water Management (GDWM) was
established on 4 July 2011 under the umbrella of the Ministry
of the Forestry and Water Affairs with a view to gather all the
organizations and institutions that have water-related tasks
and liabilities in an effective way, and to provide a national
water policy according to national priorities and global
trends.
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ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE OF GDWM
SU YÖNETİMİ GENEL
MÜDÜRLÜĞÜ
HAVZA YÖNETİMİ
PLANLAMASI DAİRE
BAŞKANLIĞI
SU HUKUKU VE
POLİTİKASI DAİRE
BAŞKANLIĞI
ENVANTER VE TAHSİS
DAİRE BAŞKANLIĞI
SU KALİTESİ YÖNETİMİ
DAİRE BAŞKANLIĞI
İZLEME DAİRE
BAŞKANLIĞI
TAŞKIN VE KURAKLIK
YÖNETİMİ PLANLAMASI
DAİRE BAŞKANLIĞI
YÖNETİM HİZMETLERİ
DAİRE BAŞKANLIĞI
Havza Yönetimi Şube
Müdürlüğü
Su Hukuku Şube
Müdürlüğü
Tahsis ve İzleme Şube
Müdürlüğü
Hassas Alanlar Şube
Müdürlüğü
Laboratuvarlar Şube
Müdürlüğü
Taşkın Yönetim Planlaması
Şube Müdürlüğü
İdari İşler Şube Müdürlüğü
İçmesuyu Havzaları Şube
Müdürlüğü
Su Politikası Şube
Müdürlüğü
Su Bilgi Sistemi Şube
Müdürlüğü
Yüzey Suları Kalite Şube
Müdürlüğü
Yüzey Suları İzleme Şube
Müdürlüğü
Taşkın ve Kuraklık İzleme
ve Raporlama Şube
Müdürlüğü
Stratejik Yönetim ve Bütçe
Şube Müdürlüğü
Ekonomik Analizler Şube
Müdürlüğü
Sınır Oluşturan ve
Sınıraşan Sular Şube
Müdürlüğü
Veri Temini ve
Değerlendirme Şube
Müdürlüğü
Yer altı Suyu Kalite Şube
Müdürlüğü
İçme ve Yeraltı Suları
İzleme Şube Müdürlüğü
Kuraklık Yönetimi
Planlaması Şube
Müdürlüğü
İhale ve Satın Alma Şube
Müdürlüğü
İstatistik ve Hidroloji Şube
Müdürlüğü
Kıyı Suları Kalite Şube
Müdürlüğü
Biyolojik İzleme Şube
Müdürlüğü
İklim Değişikliği Uyum
Şube Müdürlüğü
Eğitim, Tanıtım ve
Koordinasyon Şube
Müdürlüğü
Su Arıtma Şube Müdürlüğü
Hidrolojik İzleme Şube
Müdürlüğü
Su Verimliliği Araştırma ve
Su Teknolojisi Şube
Müdürlüğü
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Dış İlişkiler Şube
Müdürlüğü
19/24
TECHNICAL DEPARTMENTS OF GDWM
ü River Basin Management Planning
ü Water Law and Policy
ü Inventory and Allocation
ü Water Quality Management
ü Monitoring
ü Flood and Drought Management Planning
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4. FUTURE NEEDS & COOPERATION AREAS
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FUTURE NEEDS
P Experience sharing with the govermental or nonP
P
P
P
P
governmental institutions, international organizations,
Training activities for fresh and willing staff
on
international legislation, conventions, water law,
and
implementation of them,
Preparation
and/or
active
involvement
in
national/international congress, symposium, etc.
Capacity building activities by courses and study visits,
Carrying out multilateral projects on water,
Producing policies on water management in rational and
reasonable way
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COOPERATION AREAS
P International legislation, conventions, water law and
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
implementation of them,
Water policy tools and trends in the global scale,
Water footprint,
Water loss and leakage,
Economic analysis,
GIS applications and database,
Enviromental Quality Standards,
Calibration of monitoring activities,
Flood risks management plans,
…
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KEEP IN TOUCH WITH US!
THANK YOU
FOR
YOUR ATTENTION
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