Sistem Muhendisligi Egitimi Kavram ve Ihtiyaclar

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Sistem Muhendisligi Egitimi Kavram ve Ihtiyaclar
SİSTEM MÜHENDİSLİĞİ
ÖMÜR DEVRİ SÜREÇLERİ
ÖMER ERTEKİN, PSCONSULTECH
Şubat 2012, Ders 2, Sürüm2
ÖMER ERTEKİN, PSCONSULTECH
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GÜNDEM
 SİSTEM ÖMÜR DEVRİ
 SİSTEM MÜHENDİSLİĞİ SÜREÇLERİ
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SİSTEMLERİN ÖMÜR DEVRİ
 bir fikir ile başlar,
 paydaş ihtiyaçlarının sistem mühendisleri tarafından
tanımlanması ile sürer,
 tasarım, entegrasyon ve kalifikasyon ile devam eder,
 üretim, kullanım ve iyileştirme aşamalarından geçer.
 Sonunda sistemin emekliye ayrılması ve imhası ile
tamamlanır.
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ÖMÜR DEVRİ SÜRECİ
 The process that defines the life of a system
from an established need to operations
Systems engineering within the life cycle
establishes the configuration and size of system
hardware, software, facilities and personnel
through an interactive process of analysis and
design, with the objective of satisfying an
operational mission need in the most costeffective manner
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ÖMÜR DEVRİ-DOD
User Needs &
Technology Opportunities
A
Concept and Technology
Development
(Program
B Initiation)

Process entry at Milestones A, B, or C

Entrance criteria met before entering phase

Evolutionary Acquisition or Single Step to Full
Capability
C
System Development
& Demonstration
IOC
Production &
Deployment
Concept
Decision
Design
Readiness
Review
Pre-Systems Acquisition
Systems Acquisition
MNS
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LRIP/IOT&E
FOC
Operations &
Support
FRP
Decision
Review
Sustainment
ORD
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ÖMÜR DEVRİ-NASA
Pre Phase A
Phase A
Phase B
Phase C
Phase D
Phase E
Adv Studies
Analysis
Definition
Design
Development
Operations
• Fab & Integ
• Deploy Prep • Mission Ops
• Mission
• Mission
•Sys Def
• Final Design
• Deployment • Disposal
Feasibility
Definition •Prelim Design
& Op Ver
Major
Reviews
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MCR
SRR
MDR SDR
PDR
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CDR SAR FRR ORR DR
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ÖMÜR DEVRİ-ANA ADIMLAR
Operational
Deficiencies
System Functional
Specs
Concept
Development
Tech
Opportunities
Şubat 2012, Ders 2, Sürüm2
Production
Specs
Engineering
Development
Defined System
Concept
ÖMER ERTEKİN, PSCONSULTECH
O&M
Documentation
Post
Development
Production
System
Installed
Operational
System
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ÖMÜR DEVRİ-ANA ADIMLAR
Concept
Development
Operational
Deficiencies
System Functional
Specs
Production
Specs
O&M
Documentation
Needs
Analysis
Concept
Exploration
Concept
Definition
System Studies
Technology Assessment
Operational Analysis
Concept synthesis
Feasibility experiments
Rqmts definition
Trade-Off analysis
Functional architecture
Subsystem definition
Tech
Opportunities
Şubat 2012, Ders 2, Sürüm2
Defined System
Concept
Production
System
ÖMER ERTEKİN, PSCONSULTECH
Installed
Operational
System
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ÖMÜR DEVRİ-ANA ADIMLAR
Engineering
Development
System Functional
Specs
System design
specs
Production
Specs
T&E
plan
Advanced
Development
Engineering
Design
Integration
& Evaluation
Risk abatement
Subsystem demonstration
Component design rqmts
Component engineering
Component test
Reliability engineering
System Integration
Prototype test
Operational evaluation
Defined System
Concept
Şubat 2012, Ders 2, Sürüm2
Validated development
model
Engineered
prototype
ÖMER ERTEKİN, PSCONSULTECH
Production
System
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ÖMÜR DEVRİ-ANA ADIMLAR
Post
Development
Production
Specs
Operational
Documentation
Production
Operation
& Support
Tooling & Test Equip
Production & Accept
System Delivery
Production
System
Şubat 2012, Ders 2, Sürüm2
Delivered
System
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İHTİYAÇ (NEED) ANALİZİ
Operational
Deficiencies
System Operation
Requirements
Needs
Analysis
Concept
Exploration
System Studies
Technology Assessment
Operational Analysis
Technological
Opportunities
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System Studies
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KAVRAM ANALİZİ
System Operation
Requirements
Needs
Analysis
Concept
Exploration
Concept Synthesis
Feasibility Experiments
Requirements Definition
System Studies
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System Performance
Requirements
Concept
Definition
Candidate System
Concepts
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KAVRAM TANIMI
System Performance
Requirements
Concept
Exploration
Concept
Definition
Trade-off Analysis
Functional architecture
Subsystem definition
Candidate System
Concepts
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System functional
Specifications
Advanced
Development
Defined system
Concept
ÖMER ERTEKİN, PSCONSULTECH
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İLERİ GELİŞTİRME
System functional
Specifications
Concept
Definition
Advanced
Development
Risk Abatement
Subsystem demo
Component design rqmts
Defined system
Concept
Şubat 2012, Ders 2, Sürüm2
System Design
Specs
Engineering
Design
Validated Development
Model
ÖMER ERTEKİN, PSCONSULTECH
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MÜHENDİSLİK TASARIMI
Test Requirements
System Design
Specs
Advanced
Development
Engineering
Design
Component engineering
Reliability engineering
Component test
Validated Development
Model
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ÖMER ERTEKİN, PSCONSULTECH
Integration
& Evaluation
Engineered
Prototype
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ENTEGRASYON VE DEĞERLENDİRME
Test Requirements
Integration
& Evaluation
Engineering
Design
Production
& Deployment
System integration
Prototype test
Operational eval
Engineered
Prototype
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Production
Specs
Production
System
ÖMER ERTEKİN, PSCONSULTECH
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ÜRETİM
Production
Specs
Operational
Documentation
Production
Integration
& Evaluation
Production
System
Şubat 2012, Ders 2, Sürüm2
Operation
& Support
Tooling & Test Equip
Production & Accept
System Delivery
ÖMER ERTEKİN, PSCONSULTECH
Delivered
System
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OPERASYONEL DESTEK
Operational
Documentation
Operation
& Support
Production
System Operation
Logistic Support
System Upgrades
Delivered
System
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SİSTEM MÜHENDİSLİĞİ METODU
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SM STANDARTLARI
Kapsam ve detay seviyeleri
IEEE 1220
Detay Seviyesi
EIA 632
EIA/IS 632
ISO/IEC 15288
Kapsam Genişliği
Şubat 2012, Ders 2, Sürüm2
ÖMER ERTEKİN, PSCONSULTECH
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Tufts SE Process Model (EIA632)
Mkt’g and Business Capture
Plan
Business
Capture
Business
Program Management
Plan Technical
Effort
Initialize Technical
Effort
Monitor and Control
Technical Effort
Close
Technical Effort
Program Office Support/System Integration
Track
Action Items
Manage
Configurations
Manage
Risks
Rqmts and Architecture Development
Understand
Cust Needs
Define Sys
Level Rqmts
Assess/Select
Solution
Analyze/Alloc
Rqmts
Synthesize
Design
Evolve Sys
Architectures
Ensure
Quality
Manage
Schedules
Manage
Schedules
Product Design and Development
Prelim
Design
Integ &
Test
Detailed
Design
Code &
Test
Manage
Performance
Sys I&T
Integrate
Manage
Data
Validate
Verify
Deploy and Transition
O&M – P3I, Discontinue
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Plowman Model - MilStd 499B
Know What the Customer Wants
And How the System Must Perform
(Rqmts Analysis and Baselining)
User
Needs
External
Influences
Stds
Pgm
Rqmts
Tech
Rqmts
Verify the Preferred Solution
(System Verification)
Verification
Matrix
Test
Plans
Detailed
Spec
Plan and Integrate
Work
(Systems Engineering Planning)
Design
Reviews
Study Various Options and
Determine a Preferred Solution
Product
Process
System
Facility
Şubat 2012, Ders 2, Sürüm2
(Alternative Analysis &System Synthesis)
Ranked Decision
Criteria
Physical System
Architecture
Trade Studies
ÖMER ERTEKİN, PSCONSULTECH
Determine Required Functionality
To Meet Customer Needs
(Functional Analysis and Decomp)
Functional
Hierarchy
Fctnl System
Architecture
Existing
Technologies
Existing
Designs
Existing
Facilities
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INCOSE
Technical Management
Planning
Process
Plans
Directives
& Status
Assessment
Process
Acquisition & Supply
Supply
Process
Acquisition
Process
Control
Process
Outcomes
&
Feedback
System Design
Requirements Definition
Process
Solution Definition
Process
Acquisition
Request
System
Products
Product Realization
Implementation
Process
Transition to Use
Process
Products
Technical Evaluation
Systems
Analysis
Process
Şubat 2012, Ders 2, Sürüm2
Requirements
Validation
Process
System
Verification
Process
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End Products
Validation
Process
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IEEE 1220
Subsystem Definition
System Definition
Fabrication,
Preliminary Detailed
Assembly,
Design
Design Integration, and
Test (FAIT)
Development
Şubat 2012, Ders 2, Sürüm2
Production
Support
Operations
ÖMER ERTEKİN, PSCONSULTECH
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ISO/IEC 15288
Şubat 2012, Ders 2, Sürüm2
ÖMER ERTEKİN, PSCONSULTECH
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SÜREÇ TİPLERİ
WATERFALL
•Waterfall Model [Barry Boehm] is inappropriate for systems with large
uncertainties. Local feedback possible but does not account for iterative
nature of development.
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SÜREÇ TİPLERİ
SPIRAL
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SÜREÇ TİPLERİ
SPIRAL
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SÜREÇ TİPLERİ
INCREMENTAL
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V CYCLE
Operasyonel
İşletme &
Değerlendirme
Bakım
Konsept
Üst Seviye
Sistemin
Gereksinimler
Doğrulanması
Detaylı
Gereksinimler
Üst Seviye
Alt Sistem
Tasarım
Doğrulama
Detaylı
Entegrasyon &
Tasarım
Test
Gerçekleştirme
Zaman
Ref: Forsberg, et al, Visualizing Project Management, Wiley, 2000
Şubat 2012, Ders 2, Sürüm2
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V CYCLE
TASARIM ve GERÇEKLEŞTİRME
Operasyonel
İşletme &
Değerlendirme
Bakım
Konsept
Üst Seviye
Sistemin
Gereksinimler
Doğrulanması
Detaylı
Gereksinimler
Tanımlama
Ve
Parçalama
Bütünleme
Üst Seviye
Alt Sistem
Tasarım
Doğrulama
Detaylı
Entegrasyon &
Tasarım
Test
Doğrulama
Geçerli Kılma
Gerçekleştirme
Zaman
Şubat 2012, Ders 2, Sürüm2
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V CYCLE
DOĞRULAMA ve GEÇERLİ KILMA
İşletme &
Geçerli Kıl
Operasyonel
Bakım
Konsept
Üst Seviye
Sistemin
Doğrula
Gereksinimler
Doğrulanması
Detaylı
Gereksinimler
Doğrula
Üst Seviye
Alt Sistem
Tasarım
Doğrulama
Detaylı
Doğrula
Entegrasyon &
Tasarım
Test
Gerçekleştirme
Zaman
Şubat 2012, Ders 2, Sürüm2
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V CYCLE
GEREKSİNİMLERİN TAKİBİ
İzlenebilirlik
Operasyonel
İşletme &
Bakım
Konsept
Üst Seviye
Sistemin
Gereksinimler
Doğrulanması
Detaylı
Gereksinimler
İçerden
Ve
Çapraz
Üst Seviye
Alt Sistem
Tasarım
Doğrulama
Detaylı
Entegrasyon &
Tasarım
Test
Gerçekleştirme
Şubat 2012, Ders 2, Sürüm2
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V CYCLE
SÜREKLİ FAALİYETLER
Teknik Yönetim
Operasyonel
Risk Yönetimi
İşletme &
Konsept
Konf. Yönetimi
Bakım
Üst Seviye
Doğrulama &
Gereksinimler
Geçerli Kılma
Sistemin
Doğrulanması
Detaylı
Gereksinimler
Üst Seviye
Alt Sistem
Tasarım
Doğrulama
Detaylı
Entegrasyon &
Tasarım
Test
Gerçekleştirme
Time
Şubat 2012, Ders 2, Sürüm2
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